Ganpati Sthapana Puja is one of the most important and foremost ritual of every Puja, Yagna or any auspicious task undertaken. Call him Ganpati, or refer to him as Vinayaka, pray to him as Vighneshwara or worship the Lambodara; they are few of many different names that Lord Ganesha is known by. Lord Shiva had a warrior clan, which was collectively known as Ganas and Ganpati was the ‘Ishta’, i.e; The Head of the warrior clan. Hence he was bestowed with the name Ganesha!
Lord Ganesha is one of the most ardently worshipped deities across the world. But most importantly, he is the Pratham Pujya i.e. the first one to be worshipped during any Puja or auspicious occasion.
Significance of Ganpati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja:
As the story goes, Lord Shiva in anger, beheaded Ganpati. After this, Lord Brahma granted a boon that Ganesh Puja will be performed before every puja.
Hence every auspicious or purification Vidhi requires the worship of Lord Ganesh right at the start
At the same time, Ganapati Visarjan Vidhi teaches us the very important concept of Samsaara i.e. the cycle of birth, death rebirth,and that after death, every living being becomes one with nature again, through its five elements, and is reincarnated in another form.
Benefits of Ganpati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja:
- Lord Ganesha is the lord of wisdom, prosperity and power. Out of all the different Devatas, Lord Ganesha is known to be the most intelligent.
- Known as the Vighnaharta or Vighna-Vinashak this elephant-headed lord is known to be a remover of obstacles. His presence is known to dispel all evil.
- When Lord Ganesha is prayed to at the beginning of the Puja, he makes sure that the entire Puja happens without a glitch and that the objectives for doing the Puja are achieved.
- Lord Ganesh is also Buddhipriya i.e. he is fond of learning and education. Hence, starting the Puja by taking his name helps the worshippers gain enlightened by knowledge.
- Since, he is also the manifestation of Omkar which represents one and all, praying to him alone means one has prayed to all the elements of the entire Universe.
Occasions to Perform Ganpati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja:
Ganesh Visarjan marks the end of Ganesh Chaturthi and falls on the day of Anant Chaturdashi. The Ganesh Chaturthi commences with the Ganesh Sthapana and ends with Visarjan on the fifth, seventh or the last day.
Ganpati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja Vidhi:
Ganesh Sthapana Vidhi:
- The Ganesh Sthapana Puja starts with setting up of the Ganesh Murti or a Puja Paan (leaf/paper) or Kalash or maybe even all three together. The latter two symbolize Lord Ganesh.
- The Vidhi starts with praying to the Murti (Avaahan) and placing it on a wooden base or a low table for Praan Pratishthan.
- The next step is offering five flowers (preferably red hibiscus). This is known as Pushpanjali.
- We then wash Lord Ganesha’s feet with water and scented water (Arghya). Water is also offered as a sip to be consumed (Aachaman).
- It is then time for Ganesh snaanam and abhishekam. The murti has to be first bathed using water and then withPanchamrut (a mix of milk, curd, ghee, honey and sugar and in that order). This is followed by application of scented oil on the murti. The final step is washing away the excess oil using Gangaajal.
- The murti is then made to wear new Vastras and Yajnopavita or Janoyi.
- The freshly bathed and clothed murti is then offered grains of rice i.e. akshata, then phoolmala, shaami patra, durva, sindoor,dhoop, diya and Naivedya (Prasad).
- The final offerings include 5 leaves of Paan along with betel nuts (supari), coconuts and dakshina.
Ganesh Visarjan Puja Vidhi:
- The Murti is worshipped by singing the Ganesh Aarti. For most Pujas, visarjan is completed with a symbolic gesture of immersing of Ganesh Paan in the water or by offering water over Kalash.
- For The Ganesh Chaturthi Puja, the Visarjan takes place in a pool, river or a bigger water body.
- People who were a part of the Visarjan Vidhi have to come back to the Mandap or Pandal to sing the Aarti once again so that Lord Ganesha visits us when we invite him next.
Ganapati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja Shubh Muhurat
The Ganesh Sthapana should be done on the 5th of September in 2016. The most auspicious time for installing the Ganesh idol this year listed below:
Ganpati Sthapana Puja Muhurat:
||02.04 - 03.30 am
|04.57 - 06.26 am
|06.26 - 07.57 am
|09.30 - 11.03 am
|01.53 - 03.27 pm
||03.27 - 05.00 pm
|05.00 - 06.34 pm
The Visarjan of the Ganesh idol will take place of on the 15th of September in 2016.
Ganpati Visarjan Puja Muhurat:
||06.30 – 08.01 am
|11.03– 01.35 pm
||05.06 – 09.35 pm
|Night Muhurat (16th September)
||12.34 – 02.03 am
|Morning Muhurat (16th September)
||03.32 – 06.29 am
Mantras to Chant During Ganpati Sthapana and Visarjan Puja:
Chanting Ganpati Atharvashish is considered most auspicious during Ganesh Sthapana and Visarjan Puja.
Few other mantras associated with Ganesh Puja are -
Om Shree Ganeshaya Namaha|
Om Gan Ganpataye Namo Namaha|
Vakratund Mahakaay Suryakoti Samaprabha|
Nirvighnam Kurumedev, Sarva Karyeshu Sarvada||